The Windows interface provides two wizards that guide you through the installation process for Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS). The first wizard is the Add Roles Wizard, which you can access in Server Manager. The second wizard is the Active Directory Domain Services Installation Wizard, which you can access in the following ways:
- When you complete the Add Roles Wizard, click the link to open the Active Directory Domain Services Installation Wizard.
- Click Start, click Run, type dcpromo.exe, and then click OK.
If you use the advanced options in the Active Directory Domain Services Installation Wizard, you can control how AD DS is installed on the server, either by the install from media (IFM) method or by replication:
- IFM: You can provide a location for installation media that you have created with Ntdsutil.exe or that you have restored from a backup of a similar domain controller in the same domain. If you create the installation media by using Ntdsutil, you have the option to create secure installation media for a read-only domain controller (RODC). In this case, Ntdsutil removes cached secrets, such as passwords, from the installation media. For more information, see Installing AD DS from Media.
- Replication: You can specify a domain controller in the domain from which to replicate AD DS.